From John Russell, former About.com Guide
Fundamental analysis is an important part of learning to understand the markets. In the short run, the results are not always straight forward, they can even seem backwards. In the long run, currencies will always move along with fundamentals. Learning to use fundamental analysis will help you to understand the reasons behind trends and give you insight into currency movements.
Technical analysis has long been used in traditional markets like the stock market. Technical analysis methods rely on price history in order to predict the future. There are numerous methods used in the predicting, but the bottom line is that they always rely on price movements of the past. Technical analysis takes a few different forms and many methods of use.